The U.S. now has more than 5 million cases and 166,700 deaths from the coronavirus. And with flu season approaching, the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned on Wednesday that things could get a lot more grim.
Robert Redfield said in an interview with WebMD that if Americans don’t follow public health guidance, the country could be facing “the worst fall, from a public health perspective, we’ve ever had.”
“We’re going to have COVID in the fall, and we’re going to have flu in the fall,” he told John Whyte, chief medical officer at WebMD. “And either one of those by themselves can stress certain hospital systems.”
Redfield called on Americans to wear a mask, social distance, wash their hands and “be smart about crowds” in order to bring the outbreak under control.
Beyond that, he said there’s another step people should take to protect themselves and others: get the flu vaccine.
While less than 50% of Americans did so last year, Redfield said his goal is to get that number up to 65%. He added the CDC has purchased an extra 10 million doses of the vaccine this year.
Flu season typically starts in October and worsens between December and February. Flu shots will be in stock by early September, though they may not be offered at all of their traditional settings, such as workplaces.
Experts are urging the public to make an extra effort to get immunized as the pandemic rages on.
“By getting that flu vaccine, you may be able to then negate the necessity to have to take up a hospital bed,” Redfield explained. “And then that hospital bed can be more available for those that potentially get hospitalized for COVID.”
According to the COVID Tracking Project, 47,252 people in the U.S. are hospitalized as of Thursday.
Redfield stressed that while the flu is a major cause of death in the U.S., the influenza vaccine can lower the severity of the illness and reduce the risk of hospitalization. He also said children who get vaccinated “basically get protected against death.”
Redfield said he is “very cautiously optimistic” that there will be at least one effective vaccine deployed by the start of next year.
But as the U.S. rushes to respond to the pandemic, Redfield said he hopes Americans will realize that “public health matters,” and work to be proactive rather than reactive.
He noted in particular that experts were slow to recognize how infectious the virus is and the significant role that asymptomatic carriers play in its spread.
“This is the greatest public health crisis that hit this nation in a century … we were under-prepared,” Redfield said. “And we need to owe it to our children and grandchildren that this nation is never under-prepared again for a public health crisis.”
When asked what this Thanksgiving might look like, Redfield responded that it depends on how well Americans follow public health guidance.
“I’m not asking some of America to do it,” he said. “We all got to do it. This is one of those interventions that got to be 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99%, if it’s going to work for us.”
Presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden made a similar appeal on Thursday, when he called on all Americans to wear masks in public for at least the next three months.
Researchers say universal mask wearing could significantly slow the spread of the virus: They estimate that if 95% of people wear cloth masks while interacting with others, transmission will decrease by at least 30%.